Homework help

Last Edited By Krjb Donovan
Last Updated: Mar 12, 2014 02:46 PM GMT

Question

I have to do a program that converts telephone numbers into letters. If the user enters more than seven letters, then process only the first seven letters. My program compiles and works somewhat properly but it is processing more than 7 numbers. I tried to use a counter but I cannot figure out how to stop it from processing numbers past 7. My code is below. Please help me.

  1. include <iostream>
  2. include <stdlib.h>

using namespace std;

int main() { char letter; //Line 1

cout << "Program to convert " << "letters to their corresponding " << "telephone digits." << endl; //Line 2

 do {

cout << "To stop the program enter #." << endl; //Line 3

cout << "Enter letters used for a phone number and press Enter:"; //Line 4 cin >> letter; //Line 5

// WE USE THIS TO ITERATE THROUGH THE CODE int counter = 0; while (letter != '\n') { if (counter == 3 && counter != 0) cout << "-"; if ( letter == '#') break; if ((letter >= 'A' && letter <= 'Z') //Line 10 || (letter >= 'a' && letter <= 'z' ) ) switch (letter) //Line 11 { case 'A': case 'B': case 'C': case 'a': case 'b': case 'c': cout << "2"; //Line 12 break;

           					//Line 13

case 'D': case 'E': case 'F': case 'd': case 'e': case 'f': cout << "3"; //Line 14 break;

           					//Line 15

case 'G': case 'H': case 'I': case 'g': case 'h': case 'i': cout << "4"; //Line 16 break;

           						//Line 17

case 'J': case 'K': case 'L': case 'j': case 'k': case 'l': cout << "5"; //Line 18 break;

           						//Line 19

case 'M': case 'N': case 'O': case 'm': case 'n': case 'o': cout << "6"; //Line 20 break;

           						//Line 21

case 'P': case 'Q': case 'R': case 'S': case 'p': case 'q': case 'r': case 's': cout << "7"; //Line 22 break;

           						//Line 23

case 'T': case 'U': case 'V': case 't': case 'u': case 'v': cout << "8"; //Line 24 break;

           							//Line 25

case 'W': case 'X': case 'Y': case 'Z': case 'w': case 'x': case 'y': case 'z': cout << "9"; //Line 26

case ' ': case '\t': break; } // end of switch statement else //Line 27 cout << "Invalid input." << endl; //Line 28

cin >> letter; //Line 32 counter ++; // INCREMENT OUR COUNTER } //end of while loop for letters cout << endl;

  } while (letter != '#');//no more input
  system ("Pause");
  return 0;

}


Answer

OK as this is homework I am not just going to fix your code for you.

I will however make a few points and show some partial code to help you move forward.

Firstly, it seems to me that you have not read the assignment statement carefully enough, or have made a mistake typing your question. Your question starts:

   "I have to do a program that converts telephone numbers into letters."

Note there the task is to:

   "converts telephone numbers into letters."

That is read in _numbers_ and output _letters_.

You then go on to say:

   "If the user enters more than seven letters, then process only the first seven letters."

Which implies reading in _letters_ and outputting _numbers_.

This contradicts the first statement of the requirements.

Looking at the code you seem to be converting letters to numbers - which is easier as this is a one to one mapping whereas the number to letter conversion is a one to many mapping.

OK so the next point I would make is that maybe the program should be used like so:

   Enter up to 7 letters to convert (space, tab or hyphen may be used as separators): aBc DeF m
   
   The telephone number equivalent is: 222 333 6

Whereas a quick look at you code suggests it works like so:

   Enter letters used for a phone number and press Enter: a
   2Enter letters used for a phone number and press Enter: B
   2Enter letters used for a phone number and press Enter: c
   2

etc.

So first off try reading the whole input as one string then process each letter in that string:

   #include <string>       // For C++ library std::string type
   
   ...
   
   using namespace std;
   
   ...
   
   string  telephoneIdAsLetters;
   cout << "Enter up to 7 letters to convert (space, tab or hyphen may be used as separators): ";
   cin >> telephoneIdAsLetters;
   
   unsigned int lettersProcessedCount(0);
   unsigned in  characterIndex(0);
   
   unsigned int const MaximumLettersToProcess(7);
   
   while ( characterIndex < telephoneIdAsLetters.size() && lettersProcessedCount<=MaximumLettersToProcess )
   {
       switch ( telephoneIdAsLetters[characterIndex++] )
       {
           case 'A':
           case 'B':
           case 'C':
           case 'a':
           case 'b':
           case 'c':
               cout << "2"; 
               ++lettersProcessedCount;
               break;      
           case 'D':
           case 'E':
           case 'F':
           case 'd':
           case 'e':
           case 'f':
               cout << "3";
               ++lettersProcessedCount;
               break; 
           
           ...
           
           case ' ':
           case '\t':
           case '-':
              break; // no output, not a letter so does _not_ increment lettersProcessedCount
              
           default:
               cout << "\nInvalid input." << endl;
               break;
       }
   }

Notice that you can use the default clause of a switch statement to handle all unmatched cases. So the switch statement now does all the character handling.

For each of the letter case groups you increment the count of letters process so far and this is checked as one of the loop continuation conditions.

As all the input is now read in one go you have no need for the '#' end of input handling.

You will have to complete my partial code and add in the logic to process outputting '-' every 3 numbers output. Note that the number of numbers output is equal to the number of letters processed.

Also note that you existing check is wrong:

   if (counter == 3 && counter != 0)

Firstly as 3 is not equal zero the check for counter == 3 is redundant, hence the above is equivalent to:

   if (counter != 0)

Which is obviously wrong as it outputs a '-' for _all_ counts except zero - presumably after every input except the first.

Hint: you want to output the '-' after the number of numbers output is 3 and 6. Try taking the modulus (remainder) of lettersProcessedCount divided by 3 ( lettersProcessedCount % 3 ) and check for the result being zero. You _will_ have to exclude the case where lettersProcessedCount==0 in this case though!

Once you have the basics working you could try building a string to hold all output, rather than outputting the characters directly, and _only_ output this string _if_ no invalid characters were entered.

Hope this helps.

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